Hanan Zaffar is a journalist based in New Delhi and has written extensively on South Asian politics and minority issues
In-depth: Opposition parties say the move is an anti-Muslim political stunt to polarise voters ahead of regional elections in March.
The rise of Hindu nationalism has fuelled unprecedented vigilante violence against India's Christians.
India has issued 25,000 domicile certificates to non-Kashmiris, raising fears that New Delhi is engineering demographic change in the Muslim-majority region.
India is using the coronavirus pandemic to crack down on Muslim activists following widespread anti-government protests last year.