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Seventy countries demand end to Syrian regime’s barrel bombings

Aleppo has been hit hard by barrel bombs [Getty]

Date of publication: 19 June, 2015

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At least 70 states have demanded an end to the Syrian regime's use of barrel bombs, indiscriminate crude weapons that are responsible for large numbers of civilian casualties.

At least 70 countries across the world came together on Thursday to express outrage over the Syrian regime's systematic use of barrel bombs and to demand an end to the deadly, indiscriminate attacks.

Recent barrel bombings in and around the northern city of Aleppo had killed hundreds of civilians and wounded dozens "with many victims blown to pieces or burnt beyond recognition," said a letter addressed to the president of the UN Security Council.

The attacks were "among the most brutal perpetrated since the start of the Syrian crisis," it added.


May 2015 was "reportedly the deadliest month of the Syrian crisis so far," the letter said. According to the UN, the more than four-year war had killed at least 220,000 people by 15 March this year.

Indiscriminate attacks on civilians

Since the beginning of the war, "grisly and horrific" bombings of markets, hospitals, schools, places of worship and residential buildings have killed thousands, the countries said in the letter.

The indiscriminate use of weapons, including barrel bombs, is prohibited under international law and must cease, said the letter.

It called on the Security Council "to advance its efforts" on preventing the Syrian air force from carrying out barrel bombings.

UN peace envoy Staffan de Mistura has extended the latest talks until July, and the 70 countries urged all parties to work towards a political solution and a "genuine political transition."

Diplomats say that France has started consultations with its allies on the Security Council to table a specific resolution on barrel bombs in order to increase the political pressure on Damascus.

Since the start of the conflict, the Security Council has been frequently paralyzed by China and Russia, which exercised their veto rights to protect Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

The letter, organized by Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, was signed by European countries, Canada and the United States, and regional powers including Saudi Arabia and Turkey.

Neither China nor Russia signed the letter.

Barrel bombs are crudely made, non-guided missiles made out of large oil barrels or gas cylinders or empty water bottles, filled with powerful explosives and scrap metal to cause maximum damage.

The Syrian regime denies it uses these weapons, though eyewitness reports and video footage strongly indicates the regime has dropped barrel bombs from helicopters. No rebel forces are known to operate helicopters.

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