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Putin meets Assad in Sochi ahead of Syria talks

Putin met with Assad ahead of talks with leaders from Turkey and Iran. [Getty]

Date of publication: 21 November, 2017

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Putin met with Syrian regime head Bashar al-Assad in Sochi on Monday ahead of talks with leaders from Turkey and Iran aimed at re-booting the peace process in Syria.

Russian President Vladimir Putin met with Syrian regime head Bashar al-Assad in Sochi on Monday ahead of talks with leaders from Turkey and Iran aimed at re-booting the peace process in the war-ravaged country.

The presidents of Russia, Turkey and Iran will meet on Wednesday for the first of a series of summits to discuss the peace process in Syria, where regime forces now have an upper hand over rebels and the Islamic State group.

The Kremlin said Monday's meeting in the Black Sea resort of Sochi came during a "working visit" by Assad to Russia.

Putin praised Assad for "fighting terrorism," which he predicted would suffer an "inevitable" defeat in Syria, the Kremlin said. 

"It is in our interest to advance the political  process... we don't want to look back and we are ready for dialogue with all those who want to come up with a political settlement," Assad said in translated comments.

Putin said he would "consult" world leaders, including US President Donald Trump, on his talks with Assad. Putin's telephone talks with Trump are due on Tuesday, the Kremlin said.

Putin will host Turkey's Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Iran's Hassan Rouhani in Sochi ahead of parallel UN-led talks in Geneva set for 28 November.

The meeting comes as Ankara, Moscow and Tehran cooperate with increasing intensity on ending the six-year civil war in Syria, despite Turkey still officially being on an opposite side of the Syria conflict from Russia and Iran, which are key Assad backers. 

Turkey has supported rebels seeking Assad's ouster but has muted its criticism of the Syrian regime. 

'Relaunch direct negotiations'

The talks have led to the creation of four so-called "de-escalation zones" that have produced a drop in violence, but sporadic fighting and bombardment has continued. 

Moscow is now seeking to steer the process, which has so far focused on military questions, in a political direction. 

The Sochi summit will help to "relaunch direct negotiations between the Syrian government and the range of the opposition", said Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. 

"As a victory over Islamic State in Syria...grows closer, there are conditions for the relaunch of political negotiations," he said Friday. 

Moscow's military intervention in Syria from 2015 is widely seen as tipping the balance in the conflict. 

Since then the Syrian army has reclaimed the ancient city of Palmyra from the Islamic State group and driven rebels out of their northern bastion Aleppo. 

This week regime forces ousted the Islamic State group from its last urban stronghold in the country, Albu Kamal, which has changed hands several times.  

Assad's future

Previous attempts to end the war have stalled over the future of Assad. 

But Turkey is showing greater flexibility on that issue, even if it remains unlikely that it will officially accept the prospect of the Syrian regime president remaining in power, analysts say.

The last attempt by Moscow to bring together the regime and the opposition in Russia was coldly received by the rebels and no date has been fixed for a meeting which was originally set for 18 November. 

Different factions of the Syrian opposition will meet from Wednesday in Riyadh in talks hosted by Saudi Arabia. 

The aim of the Saudi-backed High Negotiations Committee is to reach consensus on a strategy for talks in Geneva, which will focus on a new constitution for Syria and fresh elections.

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