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Palmyra arch rises again in London's Trafalgar Square Open in fullscreen

The New Arab

Palmyra arch rises again in London's Trafalgar Square

The replica Triumphal Arch will be placed front of Britain's National Gallery [Getty]

Date of publication: 19 April, 2016

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A replica of the 2,000-year-old Syrian monument destroyed by Islamic State group militants has been built and unveiled in central London.

A replica of one of the most famed monuments destroyed by Islamic State group militants in the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra was unveiled in London's Trafalgar Square on Tuesday.

The six-metre scale recreation of the Triumphal Arch is made of Egyptian marble and was carved in the northern Italian region of Tuscany using precision digital technology.

The project is the brainchild of the Oxford-based Institute of Digital Technology (IDA), a joint venture between a group of international academics.

"Monuments, as embodiments of history, religion, art and science, are significant and complex repositories of cultural narratives," said Roger Michel, director of the IDA, in a statement released before the event.

"No-one should consider for one second giving terrorists the power to delete such objects from our collective cultural record."

No-one should consider for one second giving terrorists the power to delete such objects from our collective cultural record

Palmyra, a UNESCO World Heritage Site northeast of Damascus known as the "Pearl of the Desert", was taken back by the Russian-backed Syrian army from IS fighters last month.

The city was a major tourist destination before the Syrian conflict erupted in 2011, known for its ancient ruins, colonnaded streets and 2,000-year-old temples.

IS seized Palmyra last year and beheaded its 82-year-old former antiquities chief three months later.

The extremists destroyed some of the city's most striking monuments and used the ancient amphitheatre as a venue for public executions.

See in pictures: Before and after pictures reveal the destruction of Palmyra

The remains of the Triumphal Arch, dating back to the era of Roman Emperor Severus in the third century, are scattered on the ground, with only the two columns that once sustained the central crown still standing.

Construction of the replica arch in Trafalgar Square, in front of Britain's National Gallery, started on Monday.

[Getty]
[Getty]

Unveiled by London Mayor Boris Johnson, it will be on display until Thursday.

It will then travel to both Dubai and New York City for further public displays.

The arch is the highest-profile project yet for the IDA, which is also working on building a Million Image Database of 3D pictures of threatened monuments in conflict zones throughout the Middle East and North Africa.

It says it is distributing around 5,000 low-cost 3D cameras to volunteers around the regions who will then upload images to an open-source database.

[click to enlarge]

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