Curtain rises on Berlin festival with revolutionary Tunisian movie
Hailing from the North African country that triggered the Arab Spring, Hedi is the debut feature from Tunisian filmmaker Mohamed Ben Attia.
It is the first film in Arabic and set in the Arab world since 1996 to vie for prizes at Europe's first major cinema showcase of the year.
"It's not that I'm not ambitious, but I never imagined going to Berlin. All of us are surprised," Ben Attia told AFP.
It is a rare achievement for any first-time filmmaker to be invited to the Berlinale competition.
The only other debut feature in the race this year - British theatre director Michael Grandage's Genius - has an all-star cast including Colin Firth, Jude Law and Nicole Kidman.
Hedi will have its world premiere as one of 18 films from around the world vying for the festival's Golden Bear prize, with three-time Oscar winner Meryl Streep heading up the jury.
Its tale of "emotional upheaval" echoes Tunisia's recent history, said Ben Attia, who turns 40 this year. But rather than impart a political "message", his movie describes a kind of personal revolution.
The film's main character, Hedi - whose name means "serene" in Arabic - "isn't unemployed, his family doesn't have any money problems... but he feels out of place in society", Ben Attia said.
When he meets a tour guide named Rim and love strikes, Hedi, played by Majd Mastoura, begins to ask serious questions about the man he wants to be and his role in society.
|"Hedi" will have its world premiere as one of 18 films from
around the world vying for the festival's Golden Bear
top prize [Nomadis Images/Tanit Films]
Ben Attia said he himself used to be a "conformist", selling cars for a living before launching into filmmaking.
His wake-up call came on 14 January 2011 standing in the crowd outside the interior ministry demanding the removal of longtime dictator Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali.
It was the end of an era "under censorship that we thought was only political, but in fact was (also) sedating everybody", he said.
Protests swept Tunisia in late 2010 after the death of a street vendor who set himself on fire in protest at unemployment and police harassment, leading Ben Ali to flee the country.
In his own "emotional upheaval" alongside the tumult wrought by the revolution, Hedi "discovers himself through a love story" and "detaches himself from conventions".
He realises "he has another choice - but then, after the euphoria, he discovers it's not all that easy", Ben Attia said.
'Bit of a hangover'
Tunisia is hailed as a rare success story of the Arab Spring, although authorities have failed to dramatically improve the economy or do much to ease social exclusion.
Officials last month imposed a nationwide curfew to curb some of the worst social unrest since the revolution.
"It's true we have a bit of a hangover," Ben Attia said. "We thought he (Ben Ali) just needed to leave for it all to get better.
"We truly believed in this radical change, just as Hedi wants to believe in his love story."
|Tunisian cinema has been on the move. We've seen films that stand out, that are well received abroad and at home
- Mohamed Ben Attia
Political instability and jihadist attacks have taken their toll on Tunisia's vital tourism sector.
In the film, after Rim, played by Rim Ben Messaoud, loses her job, the lovers start thinking about quitting the country.
But the director said he has never contemplated leaving, especially as Tunisian films make waves abroad.
"Tunisian cinema has been on the move. We've seen films that stand out, that are well received abroad and at home," he said.
Tunisian director Leyla Bouzid's film As I Open My Eyes won the top award for fiction feature at the Dubai Film Festival in December.