After power grab, Tunisia's Saied declares 'graft crackdown'

After power grab, Tunisia's Saied declares 'graft crackdown'
4 min read
29 July, 2021
Days after grabbing power in what his opponents have labelled a "coup", Tunisia President Kais Saied accused hundreds of businessmen of embezzlement as he declared a crackdown on corruption.
Saied dismissed the prime minister and froze parliament [Getty]

Tunisia's President Kais Saied accused 460 businessmen of embezzlement as he declared a crackdown on corruption, days after grabbing power in what his opponents have labelled a "coup".

While the president's actions plunged the North African nation into political turmoil, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said on Thursday that Saied had promised him he was committed to democracy.

But Blinken also urged action, including the restoration of parliament, which the Tunisian president suspended on Sunday for 30 days as he seized all executive powers.

"The intentions he expressed to me were to return Tunisia to that democratic path, and to act in a way that was consistent with the constitution," Blinken said during an interview with Al Jazeera, of a conversation with Saied earlier this week.

"But of course, we have to look at the actions that the president takes, that Tunisia takes," he said.

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The young democracy had often been cited as the sole success story of the Arab Spring.

But, a decade on, many say they have seen little improvement in living standards, and have grown infuriated by protracted political deadlock with infighting among the elite.

'Protecting themselves'

During a meeting with a leader of the employers' federation UTICA, Saied slammed "bad economic choices" made in recent years.

In his comments late Wednesday, the president singled out for criticism "those who plunder public money".

Saied accused the 460 businessmen of owing 13.5 billion dinars ($4.9 billion) to the state, citing the findings of a commission of inquiry into graft under former dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.

"This money must be returned to the Tunisian people," he said, adding that he intends to offer the businessmen "judicial arbitration".

In exchange for dropping proceedings, the reimbursed money would be injected into less developed parts of Tunisia.

Saied also asked traders and wholesalers to "lower prices" in a crisis-hit economy where soaring inflation has eaten away at the purchasing power of consumers.

He also called for a revival of phosphate production, one of the country's few natural resources.

Saied raised suspicions of corruption that surround the industry, referring to "people in parliament who protect themselves with parliamentary immunity".

Hours before his comments, prosecutors appointed by Saied as part of emergency measures announced the opening of an investigation into political parties suspected of receiving foreign funds for campaigning in 2019 elections.

The probe, initially opened on July 14, before Saied's power grab, targets the Islamist-inspired Ennahdha party, which has been part of all coalitions since the 2011 revolution, as well as its liberal ally Qalb Tounes and the Aich Tounsi movement.

After months of political crisis, Saied, whose presidential duties are normally limited to diplomacy and security, seized power on Sunday by invoking the constitution.

The move was denounced as a "coup d'etat" by Ennahdha, his main opponent.

'Could weaken rivals'

Before his power grab, Saied, an austere legal academic who won office in 2019 thanks to his virulent criticism of political parties, had been well-known for his stance against corruption.

Saied in January blocked a cabinet reshuffle by prime minister Hichem Mechichi, whom he sacked on Sunday, citing suspected conflicts of interest and corruption by some ministers.

The power grab has been welcomed by many Tunisians struggling to make ends meet and fed up by the mismanagement of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Read also: Democracy and the dangers of populism in Tunisia

Riccardo Fabiani from the International Crisis Group think tank said Saied was for now enjoying popularity.

"By supporting an anti-corruption campaign against officials and businessmen linked to Ennahdha... he could permanently weaken some of his most powerful political rivals," Fabiani said.

On Wednesday evening, the president also announced the establishment of a crisis unit to manage a surging Covid-19 cases.

Tunisia, with a population of around 12 million people, has one of the worst Covid-19 death rates in the world, with 19,000 fatalities linked to the coronavirus.