Biden seeks to expand normalisation

Biden seeks to expand normalisation with Israel and UAE talks
4 min read
Ministers from the UAE and Israel are in the US to meet with Biden to discuss the expansion of normalisation and concerns about Iran.
Biden's efforts to reach out to Iran have largely failed [Getty]

The top diplomats from Israel and the United Arab Emirates are set to hold three-way talks in Washington Wednesday as President Joe Biden's administration embraces and looks to expand a normalisation drive.

Concerns about Iran -- the spectre of which helped bring together Israel and Gulf states when they established relations last year as part of the Abraham Accords -- are expected to be high on the agenda after Biden's early diplomatic overtures to Tehran bore little immediate fruit.

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken will meet separately and together with Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid and his Emirati counterpart Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al-Nahyan, following a similar virtual event last month.

Former president Donald Trump considered the so-called Abraham Accords to be a crowning achievement for his administration as the United Arab Emirates, followed shortly afterward by Bahrain and Morocco, became the first Arab states to normalise relations with Israel in decades.

Despite their myriad policy differences, the Biden team has given credit to the Trump administration over the Abraham Accords, dismissing criticism that normalisation ignores the plight of the Palestinians.

Trump's approach was also seen as transactional as he agreed to sell state-of-the-art fighter-jets to the UAE and recognise Morocco's controversial claim over Western Sahara -- moves that Biden has not changed.

A senior State Department official said that the Abraham Accords can "help to achieve a more peaceful and prosperous Middle East."

"It's not a substitute to a two-state solution. We hope that normalisation can be leveraged to advance progress on the Israeli-Palestinian track," the official told reporters on condition of anonymity.

He said the three nations will announce working groups to expand cooperation on energy and water -- a scarce resource in the Middle East -- as well as religious coexistence.

Both Israel and the United Arab Emirates have boasted of dividends since signing their accord in the presence of Trump at the White House in September 2020.

Israel has made progress in its long-term goal of ending its isolation in its near neighbourhood, while the United Arab Emirates has voiced hope at $1 trillion in new economic activity over the next decade through trade.

The US official said the Biden administration was "actively working to expand" normalisation but declined to give specifics.

Sudan, under heavy arm-twisting from Trump, said last year it would seek relations with Israel but has balked amid heavy pressure on the country's fragile new civilian-backed government.

Quiet disagreement on Iran

Trump is not the only leader to exit since the Abraham Accords were signed. Israel's veteran former right-wing prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, lost power despite the signature international win.

Lapid, a centrist who crafted a coalition to unseat the divisive Netanyahu, and Prime Minister Naftali Bennett have kept many of the former government's international priorities -- including a pressure drive on Iran, whose nuclear program has been hindered by a slew of sabotage attacks widely blamed on Israel.

Calling for peaceful solutions, Biden has sought to rejoin a 2015 nuclear accord with Iran that was bitterly opposed by Israel and trashed by Trump, leading Tehran to revive contested nuclear work that it had wound down.

Perspectives

Indirect US-Iran talks made no breakthrough before the election of a new hardline government in Tehran, which has yet to return to the negotiations in Vienna.

In a meeting Tuesday with Biden's national security adviser, Jake Sullivan, Lapid called for "the need for an alternative plan to the nuclear agreement," according to the Israeli embassy.

But the new government has been mindful to keep disagreements more civil after Israel faced a heavy backlash from Biden's Democratic Party when Netanyahu openly campaigned against former president Barack Obama's diplomacy.

"It does seem like there is this mutual recognition, between the US and our partners in the region, foremost among them Israel, that we are much better off tackling this problem together and keeping our disagreements behind closed doors," said Michael Singh, a senior fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.