Egypt condemned after detention of medics criticising coronavirus response
Drawing on interviews and evidence provided by doctors, lawyers and others, the group said the Egyptian authorities had launched a campaign of arbitrary arrests of those who criticise the handling of the Covid-19 crisis and unsafe working conditions, on spurious charges of "spreading false news" and "terrorism".
Whistleblowers have voiced alarm over hospital conditions, a shortage of personal protective equipment [PPE], inadequate infection control training, a lack of testing for health workers, and limited access to life-saving treatment, said the report.
The Egyptian Medical Syndicate, the country's largest doctor's union, penned a stinging open letter to the health ministry, accusing the government of negligence "tantamount to death through a dereliction of duty" over the lack of protection for doctors during the Covid-19 crisis.
The Syndicate said that at least 68 frontline healthcare workers are confirmed to have died from Covid-19, including several who were denied treatment as the coronavirus isolation hospitals were full.
Many doctors have resigned or gone on strike in protest, saying they have been forced to treat Covid-19 patients without PPE.
In response, MPs and pro-regime media and called on striking doctors to be sacked, blaming their complaints on a Muslim Brotherhood-orchestrated conspiracy.
Pro-regime social media accounts have also accused the doctors of treason and issued death threats against them.
"Health care workers have to make an impossible choice: risk their lives or face prison if they dare to speak out," he added.
The syndicate claims the death toll of frontline workers from coronavirus is likely to be far higher than official figures, due to it not including medics who died of complications associated with Covid-19 but were not tested.
It also does not encompass nurses, dentists, pharmacists, technicians, delivery workers, cleaning staff and other essential workers.
Eight health workers arrested
Amnesty said it had documented eight healthcare workers - including six doctors and two pharmacists - who have been arbitrarily detained between March and June by the National Security Agency (NSA) over social media posts expressing concerns about the government's coronavirus response.
One of the doctors arrested, 26-year-old Alaa Shaaban Hamida, has been in pre-trial detention since her arrest on 28 March, even though she is pregnant.
She was reported to the NSA by the director of the hospital where she works, after bypassed his mandate and reported a case of coronavirus directly to the health ministry.
She is charged with "membership in a terrorist group", "spreading false news", and "misusing social media".
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"Officials have often hailed health care workers as Egypt’s ‘white army’ for bravely fighting at the frontlines to protect people's health, but apparently with the expectation that they will do so in silence," he added.
Amnesty's report added that doctors who complain about unsafe conditions have been transferred to isolation hospitals where patients with Covid-19 are quarantined, or to hospitals in other governorates as punishment.
This has been done without regard for older doctors or those with health conditions who are at a higher risk of dying from the virus.
Pharmacists who complain about working conditions have also been punitively transferred to other parts of the country.
"Amnesty International is calling on the Egyptian authorities to put an immediate end to their campaign of harassment and intimidation against health care workers who are speaking out. The campaign not only further undermines freedom of expression in the country, but also hamstrings the efforts of those tackling the health crisis and puts their and others’ lives in danger," said Luther.
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