Egyptian arrested after eating breakfast with Saudi woman
In a video widely shared on social media, the pair can be seen eating breakfast at a desk and waving at the camera.
At one point the woman - who cannot be identified as her face is covered by a niqab - feeds the man a piece of food.
Labour ministry officials said an inspection team visited the unidentified hotel in Mecca and detained the Egyptian worker for violations, including working in a profession restricted to Saudi citizens.
The hotel owner was also summoned by authorities for "for failing to adhere to spatial controls for employing women", a labour ministry statement said.
Government regulations in Saudi Arabia stipulate that work places should ensure a private setting for female employees separate from men.
Riyadh's public prosecutor later issued a statement urging foreign residents to adhere to the kingdom's laws and respect its traditions.
Long known for its ultra-conservative mores, the kingdom has tried to modernise its image with a programme of wide-ranging social and economic reforms, driven by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.
Under his helm, Saudi Arabia in June ended a long-standing ban on women driving and launched a number of projects aimed at attracting tourists.
But the crown prince's efforts to portray himself as a reformer while continuing a devastating bombing campaign in Yemen, as well as a brutal crackdown on activists at home, including women's rights campaigners.
Prince Mohammed has led a year-long blockade of Qatar, cracked down on critics and potential rivals, and has been accused of forcing the Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri to resign while in Riyadh.