Hamas elects former head Khaled Meshal as diaspora chief
Hamas has held internal elections over the past two months where Meshal was elected to his new post, according to a statement by the group.
The statement added Moussa Abu Marzouk was elected as Meshaal's deputy, saying new members of the Shura Council - or the parliament of the Hamas movement - were also elected in the last two months.
On 10 March, the group re-elected Yahya Sinwar as its president in the Gaza Strip - the Palestinian enclave Hamas has controlled since 2007.
This comes ahead of 22 May Palestinian legislative elections, the first vote in 15 years.
Hamas and the Fatah movement - led by Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas - will be key players in the election. Fatah controls the Israeli-occupied West Bank.
Hamas' internal elections are normally shrouded in secrecy but some members have called for greater transparency.
The main base of Hamas is based in the besieged Gaza Strip but it has supporters and followers in the Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and other countries across the region.
The overall head of Hamas' political wing, Ismail Haniyeh, is currently based in Qatar.