Israel eyes end of an era after Netanyahu foes strike deal
Opposition leader Yair Lapid announced the deal just minutes before a midnight (2100 GMT) Wednesday deadline, prompting celebrations into the early hours by the Netanyahu's opponents and a fervent show of support by his fans.
On paper, the prospective coalition commands a slender majority in parliament but a confidence vote is not expected for several days, giving Netanyahu time to win over potential defectors among the unlikely bedfellows ranged against him.
With the threat of possible jail time hanging over him in his ongoing trial on corruption charges, the 71-year-old is unlikely to allow his 12 years in power to end without a messy fight, analysts warned.
On Thursday, Netanyahu was already on Twitter, seeking to play on any last-minute misgivings among right-wing lawmakers about allying with the left against him.
"All lawmakers who were elected with votes from the right must oppose this dangerous left-wing government," he said.
After failing to pull together a government in four successive elections, Netanyahu is out. pic.twitter.com/CSMWGkEm5N— ian bremmer (@ianbremmer) June 3, 2021
The new coalition would see the religious nationalist Naftali Bennett serve as prime minister for two years before Lapid, a secular centrist, would take over.
Should last-minute defections scupper the "change" alliance, Israel would likely have to hold yet another election, the fifth in just over two years.
Lapid, 57, a former TV presenter who heads the centrist Yesh Atid party, put his own prime ministerial ambitions on hold to broker the coalition deal.
"I succeeded," he proclaimed less an hour before the deadline.
"I promise that this government will work in the service of all of the citizens of Israel, those who voted for it and those who did not," he wrote on Facebook.
The announcement capped four weeks of negotiations since President Reuven Rivlin tasked Lapid with trying to form a government after Netanyahu failed.
Bennett, 49, an estranged former protege of Netanyahu, was central to the deal to unseat him.
On Sunday, Bennett, head of the hard-right Yamina bloc, announced he would join Lapid to end what he described as "madness".
"Four elections ... have already proven to all of us that there is simply no right-wing government headed by Netanyahu. It is either a fifth election or a unity government," Bennett said.
On the right, the new coalition includes the hawkish New Hope party of Netanyahu's former ally Gideon Saar, and secular nationalist Avigdor Lieberman's Yisrael Beitenu party.
Also part of the alliance are the Labor party, the dovish Meretz party, and the centrist Blue and White party of Defence Minister Benny Gantz.
For the first time in Israeli's history, the embryonic coalition also includes a Palestinian-Israeli Islamist party, Raam.
Assuming that this heralds the end of 73 years of exclusion of Palestinians from coalitions in the Knesset - and this is quite an assumption - it's as much "proof" that Israel is a democracy as the release of Nelson Mandela from prison proved South Africa was a democracy. https://t.co/8rUng5Nyix— Yair Wallach (@YairWallach) June 3, 2021
It released pictures of its leader Mansour Abbas signing a coalition agreement alongside Bennett, a staunch support of the Jewish settler movement.
Speaking on army radio Thursday, Abbas said: "We obtained the legitimacy to influence the Israeli political system and not just to be present there in the Knesset."
Raam previously ran as part of the Palestinian Israeli-led Joint List but broke away over differences with its communist and Arab nationalist members. Joint List lawmaker Aida Touma-Sliman said she would oppose the new deal because "getting rid of Netanyahu and keeping his path is a political mistake."
Allies of Netanyahu lashed out at the coalition.
Far-right lawmaker Bezalel Smotrich, head of the Religious Zionism party, attacked the coalition's dependence on the votes of Palestinian-Israeli lawmakers and accused Bennett of cooperating with "a terrorism supporter who identifies with Israel's enemies."
Yamina member Matan Kahana hit back, telling public radio: "I'm convinced this government will be even more right-wing than the government of Netanyahu."
But Netanyahu's son Yair called Bennett "filth" in a tweet.
The Shin Bet domestic security service said it would provide protection for the coalition's designated prime minister, an unusual move.
On Thursday, the coalition took steps to speed up a confidence vote by requesting the replacement of the speaker of parliament, a Netanyahu ally.
Netanyahu biographer Ben Caspit predicted the incumbent would fight the new government at all costs, doing everything he could to block its formation and then battling it from the opposition benches if necessary.
Caspit said Netanyahu could try to emulate his ally, former US president Donald Trump, who gave an incendiary address to supporters before they launched a deadly raid on the US Capitol.
"He is trying to burn it all," Caspit said of Netanyahu. "He still thinks he will succeed against all odds.
"You cannot eulogise this man," Caspit told AFP.