Israeli 'change' bloc steps up effort to oust Netanyahu
Israeli politicians on Sunday inched closer to forming a coalition that would end the era of right-wing Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel’s longest serving leader.
Politicians opposed to Netanyahu were in intense talks ahead of a Wednesday night deadline, as a ceasefire held following the deadly Israeli military assault on the Gaza Strip, which ended last week.
Netanyahu, 71, who faces trial on fraud, bribery and breach of trust charges which he denies, has held onto power through a period of political turmoil that saw four elections in under two years.
Lapid, who leads the centrist Yesh Atid party, is seeking to forge a diverse alliance the Israeli media has dubbed a bloc for "change", which would include the leader of the hardline nationalist Yamina coalition, Naftali Bennett, as well as Palestinian-Israeli lawmakers.
In his determination to bring down the hawkish prime minister, Lapid has offered to share power and let Bennett serve the first term in a rotating premiership.
Netanyahu, in office for 12 consecutive years after an earlier three-year term, tried to cling to power on Sunday by offering his own, last-ditch power-sharing agreement to several former allies including Bennett.
Lapid's possible new government would meanwhile also include the centrist Blue and White party of Benny Gantz and the New Hope party of his former ally Gideon Saar. Avigdor Liberman's Yisrael Beitenu party as well as Labour and the dovish Meretz party would also join the coalition.
But it would need the support of advocates of illegal Israeli settlement in Palestinian territories as well as Palestinian-Israeli lawmakers - a shaky arrangement that would still require a confirmation vote.
'Netanyahu in a desperate position'
The intense talks follow weeks of Israeli provocations against Palestinians which culminated in the deadly assault on the Gaza Strip.
The war on Gaza which began on May 10, as well as violence in the occupied West Bank and in mixed Jewish-Palestinian towns in Israel, initially appeared to leave Netanyahu more likely to hold onto power.
But political scientist Gayil Talshir at the Hebrew University told AFP on Sunday that Israel was now "closer than ever" to a coalition of change, adding that "Netanyahu is in a desperate position".
Netanyahu's Likud party won 30 seats in the March elections but failed to form a governing coalition after his far-right partners refused to sit with Palestinian-Israeli parties or receive their support.
Lapid, whose party won 17 seats in the 120-seat parliament, was then given four weeks to form a government.
Netanyahu had previously pushed for yet another round of elections, which would be the fifth since April 2019.
"Now that he sees a change coalition may be announced this evening or tomorrow, he has to move forward with a more serious deal," Talshir told AFP.
Netanyahu was reported to be offering a rotation agreement of his own to Bennett and Saar. But Saar rebuffed this on Twitter, writing that "our stance and our commitment was and remains: replacing the Netanyahu regime".
Netanyahu in a subsequent video called on Saar and Bennett to "come now, immediately" to meet him and join a three-way rotation government, warning that "we are in crucial moment for the security, character and future of the state of Israel".
Obstacles to change
Lapid's "change" coalition also still faced several obstacles.
Some right-wing lawmakers object to a partnership with Palestinian-Israeli politicians who represent a 20 percent minority of Israeli citizens.
Israel’s threatened expulsion of Palestinians from their homes in Jerusalem and the assault on Gaza sparked inter-communal clashes between Jewish and Palestinian Israelis in many cities.
At least one of Yamina's seven members, Amichai Chikli, told Israeli public radio he would "absolutely" vote against the new government.
Palestinian-Israeli politicians have also been divided about joining a government headed by Bennett, who supports expanding Israeli settlements in the occupied West Bank, where Palestinians hope to create a future state.
Lawmakers from the Palestinian-led Joint List with six seats said they would be in favour of a Lapid government, but did not support one headed by Bennett.
Mansour Abbas, head of the Islamist-leaning Raam party with four seats, has said he might not join the coalition but would potentially support it, with the aim of improving conditions for the Palestinian-Israeli community.
Even with support from a Palestinian-Israeli party, a new coalition in Israel is unlikely to reverse years of Israeli settlement construction under Netanyahu in the occupied West Bank and east Jerusalem.
A new coalition was also not expected to bring about a deal any time soon to end the long-running hostility with Hamas in Gaza.
Mossi Raz, a lawmaker with the dovish Meretz party, told Israel public radio that "a change government will do a lot of good things. I'm not sure a peace agreement will be one of them."