Lebanon, Syria, Jordan set roadmap for energy deal

Lebanon, Syria, Jordan set roadmap for deal to solve crippling Lebanese fuel shortages
2 min read
06 October, 2021
The energy ministers of Syria, Jordan and Lebanon set a roadmap for an electricity and natural gas transfer plan during a meeting in Amman on Wednesday.
The plan will help address Lebanon's critical fuel shortage which has crippled the country over the last six months [Getty]

The Ministers of Energy of Syria, Jordan and Lebanon held a tripartite meeting in Amman on Wednesday, where they ironed out details of an electricity transfer plan between the three countries.

On 19 August, Lebanon’s President Michel Aoun announced that he had been given the green light by the US to import Egyptian natural gas and Jordanian electricity through Syria.

Both are sorely needed by Lebanon, which is suffering from an acute energy crisis that has left much of the country in darkness for up to 22 hours per day. The country needs 3,600 megawatts of energy per year to cover demand, but currently only produces 700.

The Jordanian Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources, Hala Zawati, told reporters that the ministers had set “a clear, specific action plan and timetable to provide Lebanon through the Syrian electrical network.”

Zawati did not clarify any details of the action plan nor the timetable, but added that the plan “focused on rehabilitating the infrastructure on the Syrian side.”

The energy transfer plan will have Egyptian natural gas go through Jordan, to Syria, and finally to Lebanon.

There is infrastructural work that needs to be completed before the transfers can be done, namely, the repair of a natural gas pipeline from Jordan to Syria which was damaged in an August 2020 attack which was likely carried out by IS.

The Syrian regime controls almost two-thirds of Syria’s territory, however the country is still plagued by security issues, particularly in the central Syrian desert where IS cells still stage attacks.

On 17 September, IS claimed responsibility for an attack on a major natural gas pipeline southeast of Damascus that temporarily put the pipeline out of service and led to blackouts in the capital city.

The transfer scheme will also have Jordan use Egyptian natural gas to generate electricity which it will then transfer to Syria.

Syria will then pass on the electricity to Lebanon.

The Syrian Minister of Oil and Mineral Resources, Ghassan al-Zamil, said that the electrical connection between Syria and Jordan will need three months to be repaired.

Wednesday’s meeting follows a series of ministerial meetings held between Egypt, Syria, Jordan and Lebanon over the last month to discuss the energy plan.