Syrian rebels call for regional alliance against Russia, Iran
More than 40 Syrian rebel groups vowed to attack Russian forces in retaliation for Moscow's air campaign in a show of unity among the usually fragmented rebels against what they called the "occupiers" of Syria.
The 41 groups, which included powerful factions such as Ahrar al-Sham, the Army of Islam and the Levant Front, said Russia joined the war in Syria after President Bashar Assad's forces were on the verge "of a crushing defeat."
Russia launched its air campaign last Wednesday claiming it was targeting the Islamic State group (IS) and al-Qaida's Syrian affiliate, the Nusra Front. However, many of the strikes appear to have hit Western-backed rebel factions.
The Russian attacks have largely focused on the northwestern and central provinces - the gateways to the heartland of Assad's powerbase in the capital, Damascus, and on the Mediterranean coast.
|Many of Russia's airstrikes appear to have hit Western-backed rebel factions|
The Russian intervention was widely criticized by Syrian opposition groups and activists especially as Moscow once played the role of a mediator hosting rounds of talks between the Syrian government and its opponents.
"This new reality requires the region's countries and the allies in specific to hasten in forming a regional alliance to face the Russian-Iranian alliance that occupies Syria," the 41 factions said in a statement released by Ahrar al-Sham.
It was apparently referring to backers of the opposition such as Turkey and Saudi Arabia.
Russia targets Homs and Idlib provinces
A Syrian military official was quoted by state media as saying that Russian airstrikes on Monday hit targets in the central province of Homs and Idlib in the northwest.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human rights said warplanes believed to be Russian targeted the northern town of al-Bab, a stronghold of the IS. It said the airstrike caused "a large number" of casualties.
Russian warplanes bombed targets in and around the Syrian city of Palmyra, Syrian state television said Tuesday, in Moscow's first strikes against the IS-controlled area.
The IS seized control of Palmyra in May and has realised international fears by destroying some of the most prized sites in the UNESCO World Heritage listed ancient city.
A Facebook page used by IS posted photos of wounded people being treated in a clinic and another of what appeared to be a burned body being pulled out of a charred car. The Facebook page said dozens of people were killed or wounded in the airstrikes.
A statement released late Monday by the Syrian coalition said the Russian airstrikes hit the towns of Rastan, Talbeesah, Girnata and Um Sharshouh, while regime troops appear to be massing outside of Rastan and Talbeesah for a ground offensive. The coalition said dozens of civilians were killed or injured by the airstrikes.
The Syrian militant and rebel factions, including the US-backed Division 101 and Tajammu Alezza, said "the Russian military aggression on Syria is considered a blatant occupation of the country even if some claim it was done with the official request of the Assad regime. Those who lost legitimacy can't offer it."
"All Syrian armed revolutionary factions must realize we are in a war to push an aggressor, a war that makes unifying ranks and word a duty on all brothers," the factions said in the two-page statement posted online. "Any occupation force to our beloved country is a legitimate target."
|Syria's Muslim Brotherhood declared jihad against the "sheer Russian occupation of Syria"|
Earlier in the day militant websites reported that Syria's Muslim Brotherhood declared that jihad against the "sheer Russian occupation of Syria" is a legitimate duty for everyone capable of carrying weapons.
The Brotherhood's media chief Omar Mushawah was quoted as saying that "we as Muslim Brotherhood group confirm that we are witnessing a sheer and clear Russian occupation" and that "resisting the occupier is a legitimate duty."
The Syrian Coalition denounced the UN's "lukewarm" response to Russia's military intervention in Syria.
"The regime's latest military escalation in Homs province, backed by Russia and Iran, is designed to complete the plan to empty Homs province of its indigenous population," the coalition statement said.
Meanwhile, US officials speaking on condition of anonymity told Reuters that Russia had positions seven T-90 tanks and artillery at an airfield near Latakia, presumably Basil al-Assad airbase, at which Russia has reportedly deployed over 50 aircraft.
Russian intervention took months to prepare
Meanwhile, Syria's foreign minister says Russian airstrikes and its new military "steps" in Syria took months of preparations.
Walid al-Moallem says in remarks broadcast on Beirut's Al-Mayadeen TV that Russia closely coordinates with the Syrian army over its airstrikes.
In neighboring Lebanon, a roadside bomb hit a minibus carrying passengers in the eastern town of Chtoura near the Syrian border without causing any casualties, the Lebanese army said.
Some local media reports said the bus belonged to Hezbollah while it was on its way to Syria, where the militant group has been fighting in alliance with Assad's forces.