UN warns of consequences if Afghanistan aid delayed
Filippo Grandi urged donor nations to honour their financial pledges swiftly, saying: "can you please concretely pledge support where it is immediately necessary".
"Pledges were made, so it's a matter of disbursing them because we need those resources quickly," Grandi, who visited Afghanistan after the August 15 takeover by the Taliban, told a news conference.
Mindful that winter - which is harsh in the mountainous and predominantly rural country - is approaching, he spoke of a "race against time to address humanitarian needs".
"The meltdown of services - the banking system, the economy - really risks generating a much bigger humanitarian crisis," he said.
On September 17, just over a month after the fall of Kabul, a ministerial conference in Geneva chaired by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres saw donor countries pledge $1.2 billion in aid.
But it was unclear how much of this amount was going into the $606 million specifically requested by the UN to finance humanitarian aid for 11 million Afghans by the end of 2021.
Grandi said only 35 percent of this amount had been disbursed to date. And of the 300 million requested by his organisation, the UNHCR, only 18 percent had been received.
He said UN agencies such as the World Health Organization, the World Food Programme and the UN Children's Fund UNICEF had infrastructure in place in Afghanistan.
Grandi also urged countries to continue development aid for a nation which, before the Taliban took power, was heavily dependent on such assistance.
"The Taliban are not a recognised government, so how to interact for development agencies will be more complicated than humanitarian agencies but I do hope that a solution is found," he said.
"Unless that is found, I foresee a bigger humanitarian crisis. I foresee massive displacement, for sure."
The European Union's top diplomat Josep Borrell meanwhile Friday urged the bloc to take in "between 10,000 and 20,000 more" Afghan refugees.
Borrell told a forum in Madrid that some 22,000 Afghans were in the EU after being evacuated from their country.
The EU said Thursday a demand by Grandi to take in 42,500 Afghan refugees over five years could be achieved -- although any decision would lie with its member states.