Yemen's southern separatists strike power-sharing deal with government

Yemen's southern separatists strike power-sharing deal with government
3 min read
25 October, 2019
Yemen's government has struck a power-sharing deal with southern separatists in a bid to end a conflict simmering within the country's civil war.
The Southern Transitional Council will be handed a number of ministries [Getty]
Yemen's southern separatists have struck a power-sharing deal with the country's internationally-recognised government, sources on both sides said on Friday.

The deal aims to end a conflict simmering within the country's long-running civil war, which has mainly been played out between the Iran-aligned Houthi rebels and the Saudi-backed government in Aden.

The deal would see the secessionist Southern Transitional Council (STC) handed a number of ministries, and the government return to the southern city of Aden, according to officials and reports in Saudi media.

Government 'reformation'

Security Belt Forces - dominated by the STC - seized control of Aden, which had served as the embattled government's base since the Houthis ousted them from the capital Sanaa in 2014.

The clashes between the separatists and government forces - who for years fought on the same side against the Houthis - had raised fears the country could break apart entirely.

The warring factions have in recent weeks been holding indirect and discreet talks mediated by Saudi Arabia in the kingdom's western city of Jeddah.

"We signed the final draft of the agreement and are waiting for the joint signature within days," an STC official currently in Riyadh told AFP.

Both Yemen's President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi and STC leader Aidarous al-Zoubeidi are expected to attend a ceremony in Riyadh, he added.

A Yemeni government official, declining to be named, confirmed the deal had been agreed and was expected to be signed by Tuesday.

It sets out "the reformation of the government, with the STC included in a number of ministries, and the return of the government to Aden within seven days after the agreement being signed," he told AFP.

Saudi Arabia's Al-Ekhbariya state television said a government of 24 ministers would be formed, "divided equally between the southern and northern governorates of Yemen".

Under the deal, the Yemeni prime minister would return to Aden to "reactivate state institutions", it added.

Al-Ekhbariya said the Saudi-led military coalition which backs the government against the Houthis would oversee a "joint committee" to implement the agreement.

Uneasy allies

The military coalition led by Saudi and the United Arab Emirates intervened in Yemen in 2015 as the Houthi rebels closed in on Aden, prompting Hadi to flee into Saudi exile.

The conflict has since killed tens of thousands of people - most of them civilians - and driven millions more to the brink of famine in what the United Nations calls the world's worst humanitarian crisis.

Complicating the fighting in Yemen are deep schisms within the anti-Houthi camp. The supposedly pro-government forces in the south, where power is centred, include pro-independence factions from the north.

The south was an independent state before being forcibly unified in 1990, and the STC has said it wants to regain its lost status.

The separatists have received support and training from the United Arab Emirates, even though it is a key pillar in the Saudi-led coalition.

Abu Dhabi accuses Yemeni authorities of allowing Islamist elements to gain influence within their ranks.

The mistrust between the allies has posed a headache for regional powerhouse Saudi Arabia, which remains focused on fighting the Houthis who are aligned with Riyadh's arch foe Iran.



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