Writer and geopolitical energy and security analyst.
Comment: A year after the independence referendum, Iraq's Kurds will need to show unity in order to cement their leverage in Baghdad, writes Bashdar Ismaeel.
Comment: Fraught relations between Washington and Ankara speak of a wider story in the Middle East, writes Bashdar Ismaeel.
Comment: No matter who is the victor, they will have to contend with the half, who will be bitter at any electoral defeat, writes Bashdar Ismaeel
Analysis: Afrin has become a theatre for regional and global powers to wield influence, extract concessions to boost their goals in Syria, and settle scores over rivals, writes Bashdar Ismaeel.
Analysis: Determination to derail Kurdish statehood aspirations led to the emergence of a newfound Ankara-Baghdad-Tehran alliance, but this anti-Kurdish bloc may not be sustainable.
Comment: Iraq remains at the mercy of sectarianism and violence, writes Bashdar Ismaeel.