South Sudan's economy on 'the brink of collapse'

South Sudan's economy on 'the brink of collapse'
3 min read
04 July, 2016
South Sudan is on the brink of collapse, Oxfam warns, stressing that the majority of working South Sudanese are now poorer than they were 10 years ago.
More than four million people are in need of urgent humanitarian aid [Getty]
A crashing economy and continued fighting threaten the future of South Sudan and its people, warned Oxfam on Monday, ahead of the fifth anniversary of the country’s independence on July 9.

Since conflict broke out in South Sudan on December 2013, tens of thousands of people have died while one in five South Sudanese – more than 2.3 million people – have been forced from their homes.  

An additional one million people have been pushed below the poverty line in what was already one of the poorest countries in the world.

Despite a fragile peace agreement signed in August 2015 violence persists and 4.3 million people are in need of urgent humanitarian aid – a figure that is expected to increase in the coming months.

With inflation at close to 300 percent – the highest level in the world – and with the South Sudanese pound dropping 90 percent of its value since independence, the majority of working South Sudanese are now poorer than they were 10 years ago.
With inflation at close to 300 percent – the highest level in the world – and with the South Sudanese pound dropping 90 percent of its value since independence, the majority of working South Sudanese are now poorer than they were 10 years ago
The plummeting oil price and production, all grinding to a halt due to intense fighting, have had a devastating impact on a country which depended on oil for 98 percent of its revenue before December 2013.  

In an attempt to generate money, the government of South Sudan has sold oil stocks still in the ground as ‘futures’.

But it is not only the future of oil that is being sold off, Oxfam warns. By auctioning off its main source of revenue, the government is selling off the future of its people, the charity organisation adds. 

"A crashing economy and rampant inflation are compounding the suffering millions of South Sudanese and condemning them to an even more uncertain future,” said Oxfam South Sudan Country Director Zlatko Gegic.

The economic crisis still continues. Military spending accounts for up 40 percent of the national budget, while education accounts for just five percent.  
Military spending accounts for up 40 percent of the national budget, while education accounts for just five percent
The country’s budget deficit in 2016/17 is projected to top $1.1 billion, meaning that the public services such as education, health and infrastructure, needed to support peace, are likely to continue to deteriorate.

Oxfam has urged the government of South Sudan and the international community to act now to prevent economic collapse.

"The government must change the direction of the economy and rebuild the nation. The international community must support South Sudan through this fragile process and provide funds to prevent disaster and promote economic development and long term reconciliation," Oxfam said.

"The people of South Sudan are already paying an incredibly high price for the conflict, and will continue to pay long after final peace is achieved. So long as people do not feel safe enough to return home and rebuild their lives, their futures will remain mortgaged and their lives put on hold."