Cough twice if you're kidnapped: Hariri says will return
Hariri, looking downcast and tired, denied he was being held against his will in the kingdom and said he was compelled to resign to save Lebanon from imminent dangers, which he didn’t specify.
He held back tears at one point and repeated several times that he resigned to create a "positive shock" and draw attention to the danger of siding with Iran, Hizballah's main patron, in regional conflicts.
"We are in the eye of the storm," Hariri said.
In Lebanon, there is a widespread belief he is being held against his will in Riyadh, where a broad consolidation of power and a purge led by the Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman against dissidents and rival princes is taking place.
A political crisis has gripped Lebanon since Hariri read his televised resignation from Saudi Arabia on 4 November in which he accused Iran of meddling in his country in a vicious tirade that was uncharacteristic of the usually soft-spoken 47-year old premier.
The live interview on Future TV was designed in part to dispel rumors that Hariri, who holds Lebanese and Saudi citizenship, was under house arrest by Saudi authorities who have escalated their rhetoric against Iran and Hizballah.
Many feared Saudi Arabia was dragging Lebanon into its rivalry with Iran and called for Hariri to return home to ensure he was acting of his own free will.
"I am free to travel tomorrow if I wanted to. But I have a family. I saw what happened when my father was martyred. I don’t want the same thing to happen to my children," Hariri said.
The interview did little to reassure the Lebanese, including Hariri supporters, with some even responding with humour to the televised meeting. "Cough twice if you're kidnapped and thrice if you're free," Farid Hobeiche, a local comedian, commented on the live feed on Facebook.
A source close to Hariri told The New Arab that the Saudi authorities wanted the interview to be conducted by Al-Arabiya TV, which was chosen for the Lebanese prime minister's resignation announcement.
Hariri's assistants counter-demanded the interview be held in France, a requested rejected by Riyadh.
A compromise was then reached, according to the source, with the interview conducted by Hariri-owned Future TV.
How Saudi Arabia turned Lebanon's Hariri from prime minister to 'prisoner'
Hariri sounded less belligerent in Sunday's interview than he did during the resignation announcement. He said he realises his resignation was unconventional, adding he was ready to return to formally submit it and seek a settlement with Hizballah.
He suggested he may be willing to withdraw it but said that would be conditional on Hizballah committing to remaining neutral on regional conflicts, putting the onus back on the militant group.
He singled out Hizballah's involvement in Yemen as the main cause of the kingdom's ire. Saudi Arabia has stepped up its rhetoric against Hizballah and Iran, accusing both of supporting Shia rebels in Yemen known as the Houthis.
A Saudi-led coalition has been at war with the Houthis since March 2015 in a bloody, stalemated conflict that is causing a major humanitarian disaster.
Hariri's father, former Prime Minister Rafic Hariri, was killed by a car bomb in Beirut in 2005. Hizballah members are being tried in absentia for the killing. Saad Hariri's family lives in the Saudi capital of Riyadh.
Hizballah has also sent thousands of fighters to Lebanon's neighbour, Syria, to support the forces of President Bashar al-Assad.
Hariri said the unity government he formed a year ago was supposed to stick to an agreement not to interfere in regional affairs but that Hizballah has not kept its end of the deal.
"If we want to go back on the resignation, we have to return to the policy of distancing ourselves" from regional conflicts. "I will come back to Lebanon to work. … We can't deal with any more ambiguity in this issue. There must be a final settlement with Hizballah on this regional aspect."
Hizballah leader Hassan Nasrallah has said Saudi Arabia has declared war on Lebanon, instead of confronting Iran. Nasrallah said Saudi Arabia was holding Hariri against his will to meddle in Lebanon’s affairs.
|Thousands of people attending Lebanon’s annual marathon used the event to urge Hariri to return home. One woman raised a placard reading: “We want our prime minister back.”|
Hariri repeatedly tried to dispel that he was forced to resign, describing his relations with the Saudi king and crown prince as amicable, almost family-like. He also said he is looking into security arrangements before returning to Lebanon, suggesting his life was in danger.
Maha Yahya, the head of Carnegie Middle East, tweeted after the interview that Hariri's words suggests his resignation was not final and that Hizballah's withdrawal from the government was no longer a key demand.
The interview followed pressure from Lebanese officials, who said Hariri's resignation was not accepted because it was declared in Saudi Arabia.
Lebanon President Michel Aoun said before the interview that the "mysterious circumstances for Hariri's stay in the Saudi capital of Riyadh makes all his positions questionable and in doubt and not of his own volition". Several local TV stations, including Hizballah’s, decided not to show the interview in line with the president’s comments.
Hariri had not been heard from since the resignation announcement, but met with foreign diplomats, and appeared with Saudi royalty and in Abu Dhabi.
He refused to comment on the recent wave of arrests of scores of people in Saudi Arabia, including princes and business leaders, calling it an internal affair. He said it was mere "coincidence" that the announcement of his resignation from Riyadh coincided with the wave of arrests. He said rumors that he was involved in the purge were "dreams".
In the wake of the crisis in Lebanon, Saudi Arabia has asked its citizens to leave the country, and many Lebanese fear further economic sanctions or even military action.
Hariri first held the post of prime minister in 2009 for nearly two years before Hizballah forced the collapse of his government. Hizballah ministers withdrew because of differences over a UN-backed tribunal investigating his father's assassination.
Hariri was appointed prime minister in late 2016 and headed a 30-member coalition government that included Hizballah. But it has again been an uneasy partnership between Hariri, who heads a Sunni-led camp loyal to Saudi Arabia, and Hizballah, which represents a faction loyal to Shiite Iran.
A business graduate of Georgetown University in Washington, he headed his father's Saudi-based construction business for years. The company has struggled with debts for years before closing down in July.
Earlier Sunday, thousands of people attending Lebanon's annual marathon used the event to urge Hariri to return home. One woman raised a placard reading: "We want our prime minister back".
Hariri was a regular participant in the marathon, giving the race a big boost. This year, Aoun encouraged runners to call on Hariri to return.
Spectators along the route wore hats and held signs reading "Running for you" and "Waiting for you". Billboards with pictures of Hariri rose overhead.
Joanne Hamza, a physical education teacher who wore a cap with a picture of Hariri on it, said his absence "has been unifying. All Lebanese, from all sects, are missing their leader. This is somehow reassuring but we still want him with us".
In the northern city of Tripoli on Saturday, unknown assailants burned posters of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in a sign of the rising tensions. Interior Minister Nohad Machnouk tweeted that those acts did not reflect the "true feelings" of the people of Tripoli or Lebanon, and called for the perpetrators to be brought to justice.
With inputs from AP