Criticism, mockery greet Hosni Mubarak's 'not guilty' verdict
Critics accused Egypt's courts of taking sides after the dropping of a murder charge against ex-president Hosni Mubarak, with experts and activists saying the country's hopes for democracy were being dashed.
A Cairo court on Saturday dismissed the charge against 86-year-old Mubarak over the deaths of protesters during Egypt's 2011 Arab Spring uprising. Mubarak, who ruled Egypt for three decades until being driven from office, remains imprisoned in a military hospital in a separate graft case, but his lawyer Farid al-Deeb told AFP he could see early release after serving two-thirds of a three-year sentence.
A violent crackdown
The ruling came amid a violent crackdown by President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi against both Islamist and secular opponents, with hundreds sentenced to prison after mass trials.
"The verdict further reinforces concerns about the alarmingly selective justice system in Egypt, which appears more intent on settling political scores and punishing dissent than establishing justice," said the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), a leading rights group.
Sisi, who led the overthrow of the elected Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in July 2013, has been accused of instituting a regime even more authoritarian than Mubarak's stifling dissent and counting on the support of a public exhausted by years of instability.
Experts said the judiciary, which includes many judges hostile to Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood, has become one of the government's main instruments of quashing dissent.
A court on Wednesday sentenced 78 teenage boys to between two and five years in prison for joining the blacklisted Muslim Brotherhood's rallies demanding Morsi's return.
"All of this proves that the justice system is in need of reform," human rights lawyer Gamal Eid said.
On Sunday, a court sentenced 21 Islamists standing trial with Morsi over alleged violence during the 2011 revolt to three years in prison for chanting during a session.
Since the army ousted Morsi in July 2013, the government has launched a bloody crackdown against his supporters, leaving at least 1,400 dead and more than 15,000 jailed.
For Paris-based Middle East expert Karim Bitar, the Mubarak ruling was a "judicial farce" that shows the regime "is not even bothering to worry about appearances".
The ruling enraged many, with about 1,000 people taking to a central Cairo square to denounce the government. Police used tear gas to disperse the protesters, prompting clashes that left two people dead and 14 wounded.
But the decision was largely greeted with indifference in Egypt, where only a few years ago hundreds of thousands rallied daily to demand Mubarak step down.
"After three years of instability and unrest, people are tired, the subject (of Mubarak's verdict) doesn't worry them, what they want is the stability that the current regime can offer," said Ashraf el-Sherif, a political analyst at the American University in Cairo.
For some critics, the ruling has cemented suspicions that Sisi, Mubarak's former army intelligence chief, is a direct descendant of the former regime.
"This verdict confirms that Mr Sisi is part of Mr Mubarak's regime," said Amr Ali, a leader of the April 6 movement that spearheaded the 2011 revolution but was earlier this year banned by the government.
The government itself denies any involvement in court rulings, and in some instances has expressed embarrassment at some of the more outlandish verdicts.