Netflix mired in Turkey row over LGBTQ+ characters
As Netflix's subscriber numbers grow in Turkey so has the number of original television shows produced there and the first Turkish feature film was made available on the streaming entertainment service in June.
But Turkish screenwriter Ece Yorenc told a film website that production of her show, If Only, was stopped a day before it was to begin because the government would not issue a licence needed for foreign productions.
Netflix did not wish to bow to Ankara's demands and cancelled the show after talks with Turkey's audiovisual authority RTUK, Yorenc said.
"It's very scary that because of a gay character, filming was not allowed," Yorenc told the Altyazi Fasikul website on Sunday.
While media production in the West has become more diverse, there has been a noted absence of individuals representing the LGBTQ+ community in Netflix's Turkish offerings.
Days before the new Turkish series, Love 101, was put on the service in April, there was speculation on social media that one of the characters, Osman, was gay.
But in the end, there were no references to his sexuality in the show, which centred on five high school students including two heterosexual couples by the end.
Osman remained single throughout.
There were unconfirmed rumours that Netflix would withdraw from Turkey, but the service dismissed such speculation on Monday.
"We are deeply committed to our members in Turkey and the creative community," Netflix Turkey said in a statement.
The ruling party's deputy chairman Mahir Unal tweeted Monday that he believed Netflix would "show greater sensitivity to Turkish culture, and art with deeper cooperation".
Unal earlier this month told a Turkish journalist Netflix planned to include a homosexual character called Osman, which many understood as a reference to Love 101.
But the Altyazi Fasikul website said Unal's remarks caused confusion, and Netflix declined to comment.
By late 2019, there were just 1.5 million Netflix subscribers in Turkey, which has a population of 83 million.
Although homosexuality has been legal throughout modern Turkey's history, official opposition to the LGBTQ+ community has grown in recent months.
In April, Turkey's top religious official claimed homosexuality caused disease, and the Turkish branch of French sports retailer Decathlon faced boycott calls last month because of social media posts in support of gay pride.
After a backlash over a tweet by the head of Turkey's Red Crescent deemed to equate gays with paedophiles in June, Turkish presidential spokesman Fahrettin Altun said: "LGBT propaganda poses a grave threat to freedom of speech."
The gay community has faced frequent harassment and abuse in Turkey, with many forced to keep their sexuality hidden as more LGBTQ+ events have been blocked in recent years.